The employment rate for Rwandan graduates from tertiary institutions fell last year compared to previous years, latest survey shows.
The employment rate for graduates from higher education learning institutions fell from 85.4 in 2015 to 63.4 percent in 2018, according to the National Tracer Survey on TVET and higher education graduates employment and employer satisfaction.
The survey whose results were made public on Tuesday in Kigali was conducted by the Workforce Development Authority (WDA) and the Higher Education Council, aimed to fast track the outcomes of education and linkage with employment.
This implies an employment decline of 22 percent for higher education learning, the survey said.
Meanwhile the employment rate of Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and polytechnics graduates from 2016 to 2018 declined by 21.6 percent, according to the survey.
In polytechnics the employment rate reduced from 92.3 percent in 2016 to 75.8 percent in 2018.
In TVET schools it decreased from 67.1 percent to 64.9 percent.
On a bright note, the survey shows that the impact of training in TVET in the job market is higher than expected.
The survey assessed the impact of training programs, assessing competencies and learning outcomes in TVET and Polytechnics and higher education with respect to employment. The satisfaction of graduates from TVET schools and polytechnics, it said, was 72.4 percent and 76.6 percent while the one by employers was 78.2 percent.
“This means that the satisfaction rate by employers was higher than the one by graduates. These seem to show that the impact of training is higher than expected,” it shows.
Meanwhile, the survey identified some gaps between satisfactions between graduates and employers.
The satisfaction rate between graduates and employers was 78.4 percent and 74.6 percent respectively; according to the report-meaning the impact of the training was lower than expected.
In their recommendation, the authors called for strict accreditation and re-accreditation, student-centered learning, and competence-based teaching to be more emphasized.
The results of the survey will help the ministry of education to take appreciate measures at policy and implementation level, Isaac Munyakazi, the minister of state for primary and secondary education said at the event.
He stressed that education system must be more relevant and linked to the labor market so as to stimulate the economic transformation that Rwanda wants.